This new section is devoted to publish synthetical procedures for obtaining fine chemicals from current commercial chemicals. The procedures, developed in our laboratories were perfected and simplified in order to produce them in a pilot plant scale.
April 2022; C.H. Gaozza & S. Olmo – Desynth S.A. Argentina
Place 57.0 g of commercial succinic anhydride, 160 ml of ethanol, 80ml of toluene and 0.7 ml of sulphuric acid in a 500 ml round-bottom flask with magnetic stirring and an 18 cm Hempel type-fractionating column distilling adapter and a condenser. The mixture is slowly heated with an oil bath until gets to 115°C. After anhydride is dissolved a azeotropic mixture of alcohol, toluene and water distils at 75°C. Continue the distillation until the thermometer rises to 78-79°C and then remove the column and replace it by a claisen adapter. Distil the remnant alcohol and toluene under vacuum from a water pump, after that distil the residual oil at 10 mm, boiling point 120-125°C
It yield 75 g (77%) of diethyl succinate.
Methyl methanesulfonate CH₃SO₃CH₃
Place 40 ml of methanol in a 100 ml round bottom flask . Place it in a water bath with magnetic stirring at 20°C. With a dropping funnel add slowly (about 30 min) 17 ml of methanesulfonyl chloride then place a reflux condenser and heat the water bath until a mild boiling of the mixture for 30 min. Now remove the condenser and using a claisen distillation head the exceeding methanol is first distilled at normal pressure and the remainder under vacuum from a water pump. The water bath is replaced by an oil bath and the product distilled at about 10 mm; boiling point 135-138°C.
It yields 20g (83%) of methyl methanesulfonate.